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5 Ways to Reduce Workers' Compensation Costs

Workers' Compensation CostsWorkers' Compensation Costs
min read
August 21, 2023

According to Liberty Mutual’s Workplace Safety Index, U.S. employers pay over $1 billion weekly on serious, non-fatal workplace accidents.

If you’re a small business owner in a high-risk industry, like construction, workers’ compensation claims can leave a dent in your finances. Luckily, you can take steps to prevent accidents on your worksite and control the cost of workers’ compensation.

Below, we provide five proven strategies to reduce your workers’ compensation costs.

5 Strategies to Reduce Workers’ Compensation Costs

Workplace injuries affect the culture and reputation of a company and can also do significant damage to a business's bottom line. As a small business owner, controlling workers’ compensation costs is essential. Here are some strategies:

#1 Educate Employees on Workplace Safety

The most effective way to reduce workers’ comp costs is by creating a culture of safety at your company and making sure all your employees know about it. Here are some tips on how to do that: 

  1. Make health and safety a priority: Tell your team it’s your no. 1 priority to make sure they’re safe. OSHA has a lot of great tools, including one that tells you what standards apply to you and tips on how to meet them. 
  2. Get workers involved in shaping your workplace safety program: They can help create policies, set goals, develop incident investigation procedures, and decide how to measure progress. For a deep dive on how to create a safety program, read our article on just that.
  3. Train your team: Train your workers so that they know what kind of dangers to look for in the work environment, recognize their role in preventing harm, and understand their responsibilities in your safety program. Make this safety training part of your onboarding process for new employees.
  4. Encourage your workers to report hazards…: Implement ways people in the company can easily (and maybe even anonymously) report workplace hazards or behaviors that put others at risk. You can also do periodic inspections to make sure people are following the rules.
  5. …and then get rid of those hazards: Work with your employees to eliminate, prevent, and control the workplace hazards they notice.
  6. Reassess your program: Evaluate the program periodically and improve on issues you see.
  7. Ensure everyone is on the same page: Make sure your general contractors, subcontractors, and staffing agencies know about your safety standards, and are just as committed to meeting them.
  8. Show instead of tell: Both you and your managers should lead by example. Follow the safety protocols you’ve set up for your workers.

There are government incentives to develop a workplace safety program for your company. For example, the California Department of Industrial Relations rewards employers who put health and safety programs in place by exempting them from routine inspections. 

#2 Choose Quality Medical Care

A key to reducing workers’ comp costs is to provide your injured workers with medical attention as soon as possible.

Calling the right medical services at the time of injury reduces the risk of suffering a long-term disability. In this way, you can keep medical expenses down and lower your chances of being hit with a costly lawsuit.

Some workers’ comp insurances also use an outcomes based network (OBN) in place of or in addition to the traditional preferred provider list. 

These doctors are chosen for their quality patient care and better overall results, rather than by whoever is closest. Working with OBN physicians can provide better health outcomes for injured employees and get them back to work faster.

#3 Keep Clear and Accurate Reports

When an injury occurs, promptly provide any necessary documents to your insurance agent to process claims quickly. Keep a record of all communication with the claims adjuster and medical provider so no charges are missed or duplicated.

You should also ensure that employees are classified correctly on payroll, as misclassification can lead to unnecessarily high pricing. For example, workers’ compensation premiums for an office worker are generally significantly lower than that of an equipment operator.

Never deliberately misclassify employees. This may lower your workers’ compensation rate in the short term, but you could be subject to penalty fees, lawsuits, or even prosecution after an audit.

Also, make sure you're reporting accurate payroll numbers too. Benefits are paid out based on an employee's payroll. If intentional underreporting occurs, employees may not get the right benefits.

Bonus tip: With Hourly, all that work is done for you. The fully-integrated payroll, time tracking and workers' comp app tracks your team's hours, wages, location and more in real-time, and automatically syncs all that data with your workers' comp policy. Premiums recalibrate automatically based on any changes to your payroll. And you only pay for the workers' comp you need.

#4 Develop a Return To Work Program

You can also cut workers’ compensation costs by implementing a return to work program that lowers the number of workdays lost to accidents or illnesses.

A successful return to work program should be designed to get injured employees back to work as safely and as quickly as possible. Possibilities include putting returning employees on light duty or part-time shifts until they recover fully.

Return to work programs lower workers’ comp costs by:

#5 Find a Better Policy

If you’ve done your due diligence and find that your workers’ comp costs are still too high, it may be time to look for new workers’ compensation insurance. We recommend reviewing your policy selection every few years or when an unexpected rate increase arises.

To find the most efficient and cost-effective workers’ compensation policy for your team, talk to your insurance broker. Ask them to look at:

What Factors Impact the Cost of Workers’ Compensation?

The overall cost of your workers’ comp insurance costs can vary depending on:

Insurance companies also take into account your experience modification (X-Mod) factor.

Your x-mod is a number that gets multiplied by your premiums. It's based on a comparison of your claim history with other similar businesses in your state.  Everyone starts out with an x-mod of 1.0, and over time it changes. The more claim activity you have, the higher your experience mod and, in turn, the higher your premiums.

However, the fewer claims you have, the lower your experience mod and the lower your premiums.

In other words, anything over 1.0 can raise your premiums and anything under 1.0 can decrease them.

What Expenses Are Covered Under a Workers’ Compensation Program?

Most businesses are required to provide workers’ compensation. Benefits include coverage for:

These benefits can only be claimed for on-the-job accidents. 

Without workers’ comp coverage, you’re at risk of being sued by your employees for these expenses. And that’s in addition to potentially paying hefty fines to your state for non-compliance, since your state likely requires workers’ comp insurance if you have employees.

What Issues Are Not Covered by Workers’ Compensation?

While a workers’ comp plan can offer significant financial protection, indirect costs associated with job injuries aren’t usually covered. These include:

Workers’ compensation benefits may not kick in if your employee was injured while intoxicated or by intentional self-harm. Your policy may also not cover accidents arising from floods, hurricanes, or other “Acts of God.”

Take Control of Workers’ Comp

Workplace accidents can be overwhelming, but they don’t have to result in devastating financial setbacks. You can protect your crew and your business from the indirect and direct costs of work-related injuries. With an informative safety program, quality medical care, and an efficient return-to-work system, you can control and reduce the cost of workers’ compensation.

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